The saying goes that there are only two certainties in life: death and taxes. One you cannot control but the other you can through advice and careful planning.
Short-term CGT: approved for 2023
From 1st January 2023 any gain arising from the disposal or transfer of shares/securities held for less than 365 days will be taxed at progressive rates of income tax i.e. 48% plus 2.5%/5% solidarity tax, if your total taxable income (including the gain) is more than €75,009.
Shares/securities held for more than 365 days, or where your total taxable income including the gain is below €75,009, will remain taxable at 28%.
This is important if you or your investment adviser is trading, rebalancing or switching regularly.
Changes to taxation of crypto: budget proposal
Portugal has been touted as a crypto investor’s dream with 0% tax on gains. Although not yet agreed, investors should be aware of the potential changes to the taxation of crypto assets which if agreed, will come into effect in 2023.
Firstly, NFTs could be deemed crypto assets under the new definition. Secondly, it is not just simply selling crypto/NFTs that will trigger a charge – other triggers include purchasing goods and services with crypto or trading for a different type of crypto.
Gains arising on the disposal of crypto will be taxed if held for less than 365 days at 28%. This will apply even if the crypto was purchased before the rules (potentially) come into force on 1st January 2023.
Issuing, mining or validating crypto transactions would be deemed a business activity and taxed as such i.e. 15% of the income taxable at progressive rates without deductions for expenses (if the business did not generate more than €200,000 gross in the previous year). If the business generated more than €200,000 in the previous year, net income is taxable at progressive tax rates (48% plus 2.5%/5% solidarity tax). If trading via a company, 21% plus surtaxes may apply.