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Viewing posts from: November 2000

Proposed changes to UK Inheritance tax

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 24th April 2024


Are you British and living in Spain?

One of the hardest things I have to explain to a lot of clients who live here is what the difference is between residence and domicile. My objective is always to explain things in a way that makes sense and is understood, so typically endeavouring to simplify things as best I can, very often using analogies or examples that will help me get the relevant point across.

Residence is simply where you reside, typically, where is  your ‘main’ home? That answer will then normally determine your residence, so if you live in Spain, you will be a resident here. That will then normally (not always, but in the majority of cases) also determine where you will be paying tax.

Domicile however is something very different, but I always like to say that in most cases your domicile is simply determined by where you were born. So if you were born in the UK, having spent a large part of your life there before moving to Spain, your country of domicile will highly likely be the UK.

Over the years I have seen many articles published here about how you can do certain things to change your UK domicile, and they were always full of so many ifs and buts. Without going into detail, the reality is, it is really quite difficult to lose your UK domicile. However, the reason people would try and do this is usually focused on UK Inheritance Tax (IHT) planning. This is the bit people have sometimes struggled to comprehend. If you are UK domiciled, you will pay IHT on your assets outside the UK, regardless of where you live. So ‘clever’ people would try and help you lose your UK domicile so you could avoid UK IHT in the event of your demise.

That could now all be a thing of the past, as the UK Government has recently proposed changes to how IHT is calculated. Essentially, what they are proposing is that IHT in the UK is moved to a basis where residency, and not domicile, determine whether the estate on death is subject to tax in the UK or not.

residence based regime’

Under these proposals to move to a ‘residence based regime’ from 2025, the estates of Britons living abroad will no longer be charged UK IHT on their estates globally, as long as they have lived outside of the UK for more than the last ten years.

This could have significant and valuable implications for the amount of tax levied on death on the estates of Britons who have lived here for more than ten years.  For many people, this could be very positive and welcome news.

Being the cynic I am, the question has to be asked, why would they do this?  Well, as an example, currently the UK is a very attractive place to own property and be resident as a non-UK domicile. This creates many favourable tax breaks for these people. This is one of the reasons we hear of the huge swathes of property in London being in the hands of foreign owners.

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt announced in his most recent Budget that generous tax breaks for non-domiciled individuals will be replaced with a“fairer system” from April 2025, with new arrivals to the UK paying the same tax as everyone else after four years. This of course means that if you are changing to a residence based test in the UK, then people who no longer live there would, or should, be treated with similar fairness.

So, retirement abroad could suddenly become a much more attractive prospect for many people as a result of this change, so fingers crossed it actually happens.

If you have any questions about being a Spanish resident and Inheritance Tax, please feel free to get in touch to see if I can help answer things in a clear and concise manner.

Exciting times ahead

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 26th March 2024


For those of you who are retirees, you will have lived through an incredible age of change and prosperity. You will remember the days of stopping the car and going to a phone box to make a call, possibly dictating a letter for a colleague to type for you, waiting for the post each morning to see if your recent job interview had been successful. Cars with no seat belts, and only the well-off flying around the world for holidays etc. On and on I could go, but you get my point, I hope.

Most of us would have started to write emails in the mid 90’s, and since then the advances in the use of the internet have increased exponentially. Mobile phones now are quite simply the most amazing multi-media tools, with what seems like the whole world obsessed with them. Maybe they aren’t a good thing for society, only time will tell.

But what I do know is the fact that you can use them to navigate anywhere, watch TV, read the newspaper, write emails, pay for your car parking online, translate between languages etc. All of this just never ceases to amaze me. Could you imagine telling someone a decade ago, this is where we would end up with mobile phones? Overall, this technology at our fingertips is incredibly useful and has changed the way we live.

The next decade is going to see an ever-increasing transformation in the use of technology, not only in our daily lives, but also in business and commerce. I am sure you have all heard of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) race that is underway at the moment.

L'intelligence artificielle (IA)

AI technology has recently been on trial in a Scottish hospital, analysing mammogram data, and managed to spot cancer in a number of patients which had been missed (due to its tiny nature) by the consultants. This is a perfect example of how this technology can be used to improve our lives.

There are four main areas of ongoing technological advance that may be worth observing over the coming years. Companies operating in these sectors offer huge growth potential for their shareholders.

There are AI companies, such as Microsoft, Amazon and Canon; and those specialising in financial technology (Fintech), Sage being prominent in this market, as well as Ricoh; there are robotics specialists, IBM and Adobe for example; and finally, the one we are all bored of hearing about, energy storage – many of the companies in this market are new, so there are few familiar names in there, but SAP is one name some of us may recognise.

The advances we are seeing in these areas are quite incredible, and if you think about it, the technology itself helps to further increase the speed of the new developments. Businesses who embrace these technologies to maximise their efficiency will all benefit from these advances. The knock-on effect will be far reaching and ever present in everyday life.

Retiring to Spain

My clients are retirees here on the Costa Del Sol, now living off pensions and investments they have accrued over the years, and one of my responsibilities is making sure they are getting the most from those investments. With the world changing so quickly, it is essential we pay attention to the management of those funds, in particular to ensure that whoever is making the investment decisions is forward looking in their approach, and importantly understands the new world evolving around us.

Please feel free to email me if you would like to discuss your existing investments and pension funds, to see whether we can help make them work as hard for you in retirement as you did in your working life to accrue them.

UK term deposit rates as a resident of Spain

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 1st November 2023


Many of them are offering healthy fixed term deposit rates at the moment to clients, but very often my experience is the bank will only allow customers who live in the UK to place cash into these term deposits. This only tends to come to light after speaking with them for ages on the phone to try and move your cash, after which they will very often ‘reject’ your request due to the fact you live here in Spain. Some banks are OK with that, but the majority are not.

There are also a few ‘downsides’ to these term deposits when you are a Spanish tax resident. To explain;  if you were to invest in a 1 year term deposit offering 5%, then this will of course be taxed here in Spain at maturity. The complication comes with the fact that you have to file your tax returns in Euros. Imagine if you placed that one year deposit today, maturing in a year’s time in November 2025, and then assume a scenario where the exchange rate recovered from the 1.14 ‘ish’ we are seeing at the moment to 1.18 by the end of next year, (which is entirely feasible).  You would have to declare the 5% yield in euros, which would end up at approximately 8.5% in this example. Tax will then be due on this amount, having the effect of significantly reducing your actual ‘profit’.

Of course it could go the other way but this is an issue, as each year the fluctuations can ‘disturb’  the actual amount you receive. This has only really come to light this year, as people have just not experienced yields on cash deposits for such a long time.

There is also of course the risk of placing your funds with the bank you chose, or institutional risk. The compensation scheme in the UK most people are familiar with will cover a deposit loss up to £85,000 per individual account. To utilize this as best you can it can get messy trying to hold money in many different banks. The reality for most people I deal with here is they tend to have a UK bank account from when they lived there. To try and open a new UK account when you live here is nigh on impossible, so spreading your risk by having a number of different accounts isn’t achievable.

UK term deposit rates as a resident of Spain

However, a solution which deals with most of these issues is available. Without getting into too much detail, you can invest in a cash ‘fund’ run by one of the World’s biggest Investment Companies. Your money ends up being invested with nearly 200 underlying banks within the fund, so the risk of a bank failure is massively reduced.

Using the right structure to access this fund means you don’t have to pay tax on an annual basis as this will only be due when you cash in your investment, and therefore each year there is no need to consider the complications of the exchange rate issue touched upon earlier.

 If rates were to rise further the fund will automatically take benefit from that, and so your ‘cash’ is being actively managed with no need for you to be doing anything.

The suitability of this solution of course depends on each person’s individual circumstances, but if you would like some more information, please do not hesitate to get in touch on the form below.

Thinking of retiring to Spain?

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 27th July 2023


If like many people, you’ve become hooked on life in Andalucia whilst here on holiday from the UK, what is the reality of retiring here, and what considerations need to be taken when looking at it seriously?

Since Brexit things have changed somewhat with regards the hoops to jump through to obtain residency, and nearly all of the clients we work with have had to apply firstly for permission to live here full time if they are UK passport holders.

The most common route is to apply for a non Lucrative Visa, and all of the information you need for this can be found at Essentially you will have to make your application through a Spanish Embassy in the UK, supplying them with financial information, criminal record checks and proving you have the necessary private health care in place amongst others. This can take a few months and having someone like Upsticks do this for you takes away nearly all of the pain.

This is just the first part of the jigsaw, and you will need to make very careful plans with regards the timing of your arrival if you are selling assets in the UK, typically this is your home, as well as thinking about whether to take pension benefits and what to do regarding your other assets. The most obvious is making sure you take your pension commencement lump sum as a UK tax resident by nature of the fact this is tax free when living there. If you did this after moving to Spain and becoming a tax resident, this would no longer be tax free and would attract income tax here, so it makes perfect sense to deal with this as part of the overall planning for your move.

Then there is the issue of selling your UK home, as if you are deemed a tax resident of Spain in the year in which it happens, there can be Spanish capital gains tax applied to the ‘profit’ you have made when selling. If this is your main home, and you sell when a tax resident of the UK then we all know this doesn’t attract capital gains tax, so to get the timing wrong when moving here and falling into that trap is normally the most important element to plan.

retirement in spain

If you have ISA’s in the UK and they are in profit, then again realising these whilst a UK tax resident is tax free. If you held onto these investments and sold them after becoming tax resident here, the profits will attract capital gains tax. In many circumstances it can make sense to realise the profits before leaving the UK, and then make alternative arrangements when you get here. There are options available for tax efficient in- vestment products here, but it is important you are fully versed in the pros and cons of these be- fore doing anything.

Nearly all of my time at the moment is taken up with helping people plan their relocation carefully, so when they get here everything is done in the most tax and cost efficient way possible. With anything like this, my favourite expression is ‘relocating is like eating an elephant, it has to be done a mouthful at a time’.

We have a useful guide on our website which deals with relocating to Spain in more detail, and this can be downloaded at, If you are considering a new life in Spain, please do not hesitate to get in touch so we can help you every step of the way. For most people the reason they want to move here is for a less stressful life, so making sure you take the right advice is critical to helping this happen.

The banking industry

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 28th March 2023


What is wrong with the way some banks work nowadays? It seems to me you can run a poor show, and when things go badly wrong the central banks will bail you out, and then off you and your highly paid colleagues can go again to mismanage your way to the next catastrophe.

The one thing I explain to people time and time again is that when you deposit any of your hard- earned cash in a bank, the bank has it is on ‘their’ balance sheets. They can then use that to go off and lend money or invest in assets where they can make more money. So effectively, they are using your money to make themselves money. The problem is that a lot of what they do may need a long timeline to work, so if people start demanding their money in large numbers (known as a run on the bank), they may not actually be able to meet those requirements, hence they close the doors to withdrawals.

Years ago a run on a bank would take time, with people literally queuing around the block looking to withdraw their money from the person behind the counter. The trouble nowadays is that a run on the bank is so much easier to implement, with all of us having apps on our phones and laptops that mean we can ask for our money in an instant. That was one of the biggest issues contributing to the failure of Silicon Valley Bank in America a couple of weeks ago, and the start of this whole process of fear beginning again. Due to the frenzy of concerns about that bank being whipped up on social media, thousands of clients started to try and withdraw their deposits all at the same time. To say the run on the bank happened quickly would be an understatement.

It is interesting to see what happened by looking more closely at what went wrong there. The bank had a huge amount of funds on deposit, and although they were large lenders, they had a lot of excess cash doing nothing for them. They needed that to be making money for them so, in their view wisely, they bought a large amount of 10 year government bonds. They did this because government bonds are traditionally seen as safe and would earn a small return.

banking collapse

Then the Fed started raising interest rates in a bid to stem inflation. Of course, this then meant the value of the government bonds became more and more stressed the higher the rates went. Effectively the clients’ money was now in the wrong place and couldn’t easily be unwound. In simple terms, a pretty basic error which you would hope someone looking after your money should have been aware of.

As I write, the contagion this whole issue has caused in the banks is causing share prices to tumble again. It’s so frustrating when this sort of thing happens, as very often it’s the baby being thrown out with the bathwater, but unfortunately this is how the stock markets tend to be. Anyway, it never seems to change and the fact that the Fed raising interest rates has led to the banks ´´crumbling´´ is somewhat bizarre in my humble opinion, when they seem to think they know what they are doing!

I speak a great deal with clients about using ‘insurance’ based products to house their investments. The reasons and advantages are many but the most relevant point I like to make, and relevant to what I’ve been talking about, is when you invest your money in these companies it is physically off their balance sheet and held for your benefit only. That’s the polar opposite to leaving your money in the bank. Of course, the risk is then what you do with your money, but it’s a massive point that is regularly overlooked and gives people a high level of comfort.

If you are worried about your money and where it is at the moment please feel free to get in touch and we can see what alternative solutions may be available for you.

What a year this has been. Let’s hope next Year is better..

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 22nd December 2022


At the beginning of this year the World started to ‘wobble’, set off by the Invasion of Ukraine, and rising murmurs about the likelihood of increased inflation, and with that the threat of rising interest rates.

Share prices in companies around the world quickly started to fall, shortly followed by the never-ending spiral of doom and gloom in the news, creating a continuously depressing stream of information showing the Worlds financial markets were taking a downturn. This all came as a bit more of a shock because of the unprecedented period of cheap money, and constantly increasing share prices everyone had become used to over the last ten years.

After the lockdowns I always maintained you couldn’t just stop the world turning without it eventually to have some sort of effect. It just took a while for it to come out in the wash – and now it has. A lot of the delay between stopping economies working, (and a noticeable effect), was the false security provided by what amounted to the printing and the subsequent handing out of money in many countries, to name but one of many factors that occurred during those crazy times.

Eventually, after the factories were closed and businesses shut, supply chain issues came to light. The backlog of empty production lines had to be dealt with. That, coupled with an imbalance between limited supply and a sudden surge in demand, rising transport costs, plus the knock-on effect of the War in Ukraine, have all resulted in inflation going through the roof.

interest rates

Traditionally the central banks around the globe try and control inflation with interest rates, and at the moment they are raising them at one of the fastest rates ever seen in a bid to try and stem the current surge in inflation. The worry for next year will be whether they may slow things too much, as these things tend to have a time lag. We can only wait and see. Higher interest rates are not all bad news, as savers normally benefit from interest on their bank deposits, but this isn’t happening significantly to date. When they are being offered, my experience is that the bank will only allow relatively small amounts to be deposited in these savings accounts offering higher rates.

On top of everything already mentioned, other factors also came to a head this year – the UK started to feel a Brexit effect which has weakened overseas investor confidence and taken its toll on trade. Liz Truss’s infamous UK mini-budget caused UK Government Bonds to fall in value like crazy, and what is usually considered a safe haven for many clients and pension funds, took a drastic downturn.

Recessions normally have an effect on employment, but at the moment this looks ok. Interestingly however, if you look at the US, there are an estimated 4m people off work at the moment due to long covid, so figures there are certainly distorted.
So as you will already have gathered, 2022 really hasn’t been a great year!

Living in Spain is such a privilege for many of us. The doom and gloom out there at the moment seems so much more acceptable when you wake up to beautiful weather almost all of the time. The cost of living has risen, but in general terms Spain is still a lot cheaper to live in than the UK.

They say it’s important to count your blessings, and if the fact we live here is one of them, then I for one am looking forward to 2023.

If you fancy an overview of your finances, even if it’s just to reconfirm your plans are all well founded in light of the ever-changing world, please do not hesitate to get in touch.

Keeping occupied when you’re retired is not always easy

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 21st November 2022


Over the years I’ve been living and working in Spain with retired expats, one of the issues that very often comes to light is finding things to do, and making new friends. For the avid golfers among you, that may not be a problem, but for many others it can be.

We have recently started supporting the Benahavis Arts Society, who not only organise Talks in Benahavis once a month, but interestingly, they are also organising regular trips to places of interest in and around Andalucia, as well as other planned social events.

If you are looking to make new friends, and explore Andalucia, then this may be for you. There are planned trips to The Malaga Christmas Lights on the 9th of December, a Christmas Lunch of the 15th of December, and a pub quiz on the 19th of January next year. Non-members are welcome, and more details can be found on their website at;

Retirement in Spain

As can be seen from the write up below, the most recent trip to Antequera was a huge success:

“With the guidance of Miranda, our excellent tour operator, we started our day driving through stunning scenery including the extensive rich farmlands in the valleys around the city and the imposing Pena de Los Enamorados (Lovers Leap); a distinctive face-shaped mountain from a romantic legend that overlooks the town and dominates the landscape.

On arrival at the top of the city, we started our historical walking tour with a local guide. This included the majestic Alcazaba; the centuries old Moorish fortress and the beautiful Colegiata with its superb façade. We visited the municipal museum with its many artefacts tracing Antequera’s extensive archaeological history and the splendid renaissance style church of Parroquia San Sebastian.

We then had free time to explore the city further and take in a delicious lunch at one of the delightful tapas restaurants around the central square.

The spectacular cultural heritage site of the Dolmens was the destination for our afternoon visit. These bronze age burial grounds built with huge megaliths are nothing short of impressive. Inside, the chambers are magnificent and clearly show the scale of the architectural and engineering feat required to build them.

The whole day was truly delightful with something for everyone. It was very well planned and organised, with highly knowledgeable and personable guides, various pick-up locations and brief stops on the way there and back for refreshments. I would particularly like to thank Miranda, Betty and Tracey for looking after us so well but also the whole group who were so incredibly welcoming.”

Working with clients in the Costa Del Sol and helping with their financial planning and tax matters has meant I get involved in so many other areas of people’s lives, this being just one great example.

If you would like to find out more about how we can help you not only make sure your financial world is in order here, but also integrate into life here in Spain, please feel free to get in touch for a chat.

At Last, Wealth Tax is abolished in Andalucia

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 21st September 2022


Monday the 19th of September 2022 will be in the history books forever. Having watched the coverage of the Queens funeral on TV, it made me think there is no other country on earth who could have put on such an impressive show for the world to see. It made me feel very proud to be British.

Moving overseas is an exciting and daunting thing to do but if you, like me, have lived overseas for many years, that homesick feeling does hit home sometimes, and the Queens funeral was certainly one such example.

It has been a tough year in many ways. Everything it seems is changing. The reopening from the pandemic has changed the way many people work. Russia’s Invasion of the Ukraine changed the idea of a peaceful Europe. The cost of living has increased due to rising inflation, and now rising interest rates are back with us. All of this has happened after years of peace, cheap energy, low interest rates and non-existent inflation. It seems the longer we live with something, the more powerful it’s passing, something that no doubt made the Queens funeral very emotional for many people.

We now have a King, and the world in which we live is without doubt going to continue to change. Any of you filling up your car will have noticed the cost has come down from the previous highs in the summer, and the general consensus is that inflation will start to slowly come down between now and the end of the year. It isn’t however expected to hit the floor, but rather fall to a much more acceptable level.

When you are retired and keeping a close eye on your savings, investments and pensions, inflation and interest rates are two critical factors to take into account when trying to work out the future. If you have a fixed pension income, it is commonplace to then substitute this with ‘income’ from investments, the spending power of which is affected by inflation. If the investment returns are all over the place, and inflation is doing the same, it’s really important to monitor things closely and on a regular basis. As an example, if things carry on as they are, we may see a return of interest on bank deposits, which has been a factor not taken into account for a long time when making plans for your money.

Tax is something I’ve not really mentioned before, but this of course has an effect on your disposable income. Pension and Investment income can be very tax efficient here if the right planning is taken, but something that has always been a difficult one to deal with is the annual Wealth Tax.

In the past many Wealthy individuals have decided against moving to Andalucia because of the punitive Wealth tax, which in real terms doesn’t actually generate that much revenue each year (estimated at €95m per annum for the Region). It is felt that by attracting more Wealthy Individuals, the increased expenditure and resultant revenues will far exceed that amount, so it does seem to make perfect sense.

Financial planning in retirement isn’t rocket science, but with so many variables effecting how things may look financially going forward, it’s never been more important to make sure your previous plans aren’t sitting gathering dust. Maybe they are not being best suited for the new environment we find ourselves in.
The news has been very negative so far this year, and although the passing of the Queen was a very sad event, it marks a line in history and just goes to show nothing lasts forever. It will be interesting to see how the new King makes his mark in history.

If you would like to find out more about how we help our clients here in Spain, please feel free to get in touch.

Are you paying too much on your investments?

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 19th July 2022


Paying too much for something is never a good idea!

Unless you have been spending all your time either on the beach or playing golf, it would be almost impossible not to have seen what´s been happening in the financial world at the moment.

Stock markets have had their worst start to a year in 50 years. Almost every day all you see and hear is doom and gloom about rising inflation, rising food prices, rising fuel prices, rising interest rates, supply chain issues, falling consumer confidence. And on and on it goes.

As usual with such issues, it can affect retirees who live here the most, as their Pensions and Investments are normally exposed to the stock markets and various other investment instruments, pretty much all of which are falling at the moment. How much worse can it get? Who knows.. When will it recover? Who Knows.. How long will it take to make up for all of my losses this year? Who knows…!

Nobody does, and looking at history can give a good indication as to the likely answers, but as I keep saying, this could well be history in the making, as opposed to history repeating itself.

Looking at history can help calm the nerves and add perspective. Over the last 150 years there have been 13 major stock market crashes. In 1877 markets fell by 33%, in 1970 they fell by 25% and again in 1974 by 39%. The latest memorable events were the financial crisis of 2008 which resulted in losses of 49% and the Covid lockdown period, which again resulted in heavy losses.

Taking the median of all of these 15 events, an average fall of 33% has taken on average of around 2 years to recover. So, although I have said this may well be history in the making, what we can all be sure of is that things will eventually get better. It’s just a question of how quickly, and that again is an unknown. The speed of recoveries is always quite impressive. Many people miss the fact that if you lose 50% on something, that something has to double in value to return to where you were.

Paying too much for something is never a good idea!

One thing I do know though, is that if you have Pensions and Investments which are expensive, trying to reduce the costs incurred is one thing that will have an immediate positive effect on your returns, and can have an incredibly positive effect on the long-term returns.

Something else that is also relevant to costs, is the type of investments retirees are in. One of the first things to assess when I meet a client is what risk they are prepared to take with their investments. Typically, (as most are retired), I think being driven by caution (or fear) rather than greed is paramount, meaning a client should typically be very concerned about protecting their capital, and therefore their investments should be at the lower end of the risk scale.

Therefore, it makes perfect sense if you are looking to achieve a certain annual return that reducing the annual costs as best you can will mean you can take less risk to achieve your objectives, and therefore see better capital protection.

Many people are coming to me asking if we can take a look at their existing arrangements, and very often we are able to offer a solution to reduce the costs and achieve a more suitable strategy in view of where we find ourselves.

In these times of rising costs, every penny helps, and very often just talking through situations like this and having someone to listen to your worries can be a great help, so if you would like a quick chat in confidence about your financial situation, please get in touch.

Are you thinking of moving to Spain

By Jeremy Ferguson
This article is published on: 23rd June 2022


“Its so nice holidaying here, I’d love to live here all year round…’’

If you are a UK resident and here on holiday, it is very often these times that get people thinking about retiring to Spain. The attractions of the slower pace of life, a completely different climate, all those extra hours of daylight and sunshine, a lower cost of living, ( depending on lifestyle!), eating out often – on and on the list normally goes.

When the UK was part of the European Union, taking the plunge and moving to Spain was relatively straightforward, aside from the obvious challenges of the actual move. You could sell up, jump on a plane and then when you were here, apply for residency, register at the town hall etc, and that was pretty much it.

Now however, that simply isn’t the case. There is the fact that as a UK citizen, you no longer have the freedom of movement within the EU, something many people still haven’t come to terms with. You can of course still come here to live, but you will need to make an application for a Visa. If you are looking to retire, then this needs to be a non lucrative Visa.

I work closely with experts who can assist with these applications, who know the process inside out and make this part all very straightforward for you.

The financial planning side of the whole process is also essential, and that of course is where I get involved. It is important you dispose of or organize your assets in the most tax efficient way you can before you leave the UK. For example, making sure your pensions are correctly dealt with and selling your main residence at the right time to name just a couple, and of course understanding the tax system and rates applicable once you are here.

One of the most important aspects of making your Visa application, (which has to be done at one of three Spanish embassies in the UK – London, Manchester or Edinburgh), is understanding what your finances need to look like to satisfy the Spanish requirements. These are mostly focused on the fact that they want to ensure you have enough money or income to live here self sufficiently.

So you need to satisfy what is known as IPREM, literally translated this means “The Public Multiple Effects Income Indicator”. As a non EU member applicant ( Third country National ), you need to demonstrate you have 4 times the IPREM requirement, plus 100% extra per beneficiary. So in simple terms, if a married couple are retiring here you will need to prove income of €2,895.10 per month, or a lump sum of €34,741.20 for each year. It is also worth noting, your Non Lucrative Visa needs renewing after a year (for the next two years) and again after three years, again for the next two years. After the end of year five you will then obtain permanent residency. This all has an effect on what money they will want to see you have, be it in the form of Pension income, savings, cash in the bank etc. This not only applies when you make your initial application, but also for the following four years.

So if you are thinking about moving to Spain? You will need to make an application for a Visa. If you are looking to retire, then this needs to be a non lucrative Visa, it is really important to have a good handle on the financial requirements, not just for the initial application but also for the subsequent few years. Most of my work has changed significantly now when working with people who are planning their move here, as it is so much more complicated than it used to be.

As we are dealing with similar situations on a regular basis, it enables us to make the process as easy as it can possibly be for individuals.

If you would like to find out more about what planning would be needed to make living in Spain a reality, then please feel free to get in touch.